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April 2016 - Capitahealth

Archives for April 2016

Vocational Rehabilitation

electrostimulation-1230005_1920Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) is a process that enables people with health conditions and associated impairments/functional limitations/disabilities overcome barriers to accessing, maintaining or returning to employment. It helps rehabilitate the employees back to work after an injury or disorder has disrupted their work. It also enables individuals or participants with impairments or functional limitations to attain skill, resources and expectations required for a successful interview and job process.

According to “Vocational Rehabilitation: What Works, For Whom and When” by Waddell, Burton and Kendall 2008, VR needs emphasis through proper education and awareness. This way the public, companies and health professionals come to know about the value of work for health and recovery and their role in return to work process. VR requires knowledge and information from various sources like health care professionals such as physiotherapists and occupational therapists and other non-medical fields such as disability employment advisers and career counselors. VR sets out a programme, and the affected employees agree to it. This programme aids them in adjusting to somewhat new circumstances, after developing any disability, that would enable them to get back to work. This job is either their old one or a new position made solely for them. VR should intervene within two to four weeks of the person suffers from either temporary or permanent disability or any other health issue. As it is different from sick leave, VR aims at getting the employees to work with rehabilitation. In case, a company doesn’t have an HR specialist or any previous experience of VR, good communication between manager and employee can resolve such situation.

10246029_sMany cost studies have proved that VR is cost-effective too. Some benefits derived from it are reduced costs of litigation, sick pay, product & material damage, less absenteeism and staff turnover, improved productivity, corporate image, and morale. On the other hand, losing experienced employees and moving onto benefits like pension is quite expensive. Thus, disease intervention programs satisfy people primarily and help them in holding down their jobs.
Employment retention policy should promote equality between staff with disabilities and those without disabilities. Firstly, it should target those that have recently developed one form of medical condition or the other, as they are more work-oriented in their habits. Similarly, retaining expert staff offers business with the ability to respond more readily to rising customer demand, whereas recruitment creates a delay in work process. All these benefits to company depend on the skill level and status of an employee and the severity of their debility but not the type of their impairment. Adoption of employment retention is likely to emerge with passage of time. Some companies around the world are making amends like raising the retirement age which means there will be more physically challenged workers, since disability is correlated with advancing age.

Finally, economic recovery requires blurring the distinction between being jobless and having a job. Such policies that honor people’s need for treatment and adjustment to new circumstances while maintaining their link to work will be important in expanding both producers and consumers in the economy. To help the employers’ end, guides are present on many online forums.


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Vocational rehabilitation in Lagos and Abuja Nigeria

Ergonomics and Office Productivity

Ergonomics is a Greek work meaning ‘work science’; a science that enhances the work output of human beings through different factors and eliminates the man and pc unnecessary obstacles from their way. Ergonomics is of vital importance in every field of life. It deals with the methods and designs for the optimization of human well-being and overall system performance. It also tackles the understanding of interactions among humans and different systems. This field of science relies on researches carried out in scientific areas like engineering, physiology and psychology. Another name for ergonomics is ‘human factors’ as it deals with everything concerning welfare of human beings.

Ergonomists make sure that our life is free from unnecessary difficulty caused by poor designed tools and workstations. One way to achieve an increased work output is to prevent an occurrence of work-related injuries and stress. This will ultimately result in a reduction of worker’s compensation claims, employee turnover, insurance premium and health care costs for the company.Ergonomically designed equipment and workstations improve health, safety, performance and satisfaction. Good ergonomics encompasses some other factors like good posture, regular movement, work organization and software. It is also about creating an ambient environment where the temperature, lighting, space, noise, humidity, reflection and screen glare are appropriately managed to enhance the office productivity. Ergonomics is not limited to the design of equipment. It also involves the development of the policies, strategies, management, working hours, communication, telework, etc. of a company.
One of the issues hindering the work process is musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Most of the companies are switching to ergonomic solutions for cost-saving and preventing MSDs among the employees. Experts’ consensus is that every ergonomic intervention will positive impact on productivity. Whenever there is an elimination of unnecessary exertion and awkward postures from the work environment, time to complete the required task shortens. Thus, profit and productivity spike up.

According to a recent research Global Burden of Disease Study, the world most common work-related disability is lower back pain. It arises due to long and continuous faulty sitting posture. Now companies are trying to incorporate ergonomics into their system to reduce the cost of work-related injuries and improve employees’ health. This will result in increased efficiency. When companies provide suitable work environments to their workforce, they will find it easier to work. Their engagement and willingness to increase their output thus, benefitting the company in the longer run. According to a study by researchers at the Upjohn Institute, the University of Texas, Liberty Mutual, Health and Work Outcomes, and Steelcase Corporation, people with ergonomics equipment work more efficiently and develop less pain over the course of their duty hours. This study reveals that ergonomics can increase the production per unit of time worked. Studies also show that intervention to prevent MSDs, frequent rest breaks, better training, improvement in workstation equipment and multiple workplaces are some of the features that can directly affect productivity. An optimum solution to the several work-related issues requires a comprehensive ergonomic programme. Such a program must have elements like worker engagement, management commitment, training, sustainability and evaluation. All these work together to produce the desired result.


Relating Productivity to Ergonomics


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Ergonomics in Lagos and Abuja Nigeria